Details About Planting Seedlings
Click images to enlarge
We have been asked for more details about how we plant our Victoria
seedlings. We plant when the second hastate emerges or roots
are visible, whichever comes later. Those in the photos below
are a day or two farther along than they need to be.
We wet the sand to the point of almost runny and put it in
3 ounce plastic cups (holes poked at the bases, 1 teaspoon of
peat in the bottoms). It should hold its shape when a finger
hole is poked in the center but ooze around the future planted
seedling to eliminate air spaces. >
Some of the new little plants grow almost directly from the seed.
Others, such as some in the dark or under other seeds, make a
runner called an epicotyl and then the plant.
Even at this stage the plant has a "crown" and it is
this that must wind up at the level of the soil. All roots, except
for a single primary root at the seed on those with an epicotyl,
and all new leaves grow from this crown.
With the seedling without an epicotyl, roots are poked down into
the finger hole, the seed left just below the future surface
and the sand pushed in around the seedling. Care should be given
not to bury the crown. The seedling is then pinned with a small
L-shaped wire to prevent float out (the seed itself acts as the
anchor) and tagged with a plastic stake type label.
The seed of the seedling with the epicotyl has to be placed deeper
in the sand so the base of the little crown finishes up at soil
level. Roots are pushed into the hole and the sand pushed in.
This one did not need a pin since the seed was so deep in the
The seedlings are then returned to the aquarium or tank, still
heated to 85F minimum, 92F ideal, at a depth of 4-12", 8"
ideal. Because of Victoria's extreme sensitivity to hard water,
changes of 25% weekly must be made. We give no nutrients of any
kind until the seedling makes its first floating leaf and then
begin careful injections of our "cocktail"
Page 1 -
Storing Seeds, Starting Seeds, "Nicking"
Page 2 -
Setup For Seedlings, Planting Seedlings
Page 3 -
Floating Leaf Stage, Feeding Seedlings, Potting Larger
Page 4 -
Final Planting, Nutrients, Potential Problems